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9. numerals

Please learn Neoslavonic natural numbers from this table:

 0
 nula, (nijedin)
 10
 deset
 
 
 
 
 
 
 1  jedin (m.), jedna (f.), jedno (n.  11  jedinnast   10  deset  100  sto  1000  tysača 
 2  dva (m.), dvě (f.), dvě (n.)  12  dvanast  20  dvadeset  200  dvěsto 
 2000  dvětysača 
 3  tri  13  trinast  30  trideset  300  tristo  3000  tritysača
 4  četyri  14  četyrinast
 40  četyrideset  400  četyristo 
4000
 četyritysača 
 5  pet  15  petnast  50  petdeset  500  petsto  5000  pettysača
 6  šest  16  šestnast  60  šestdeset  600  šeststo ...
 
 7  sedem  17  sedemnast 
 70  sedemdeset 
 700  sedemsto 
 10^6  milion 
 8  osem  18  osemnast  80  osemdeset  800  osemsto  10^9  bilion
 9  devet  19  devetnast
 90  devetdeset  900  devetsto  10^12  trilion

  1. Just for Your interest, Neoslavonic teen numbers (11...19) were evolved from this Old (Church) Slavonic scheme:
    number
    +na+deset, e.g. 15 = pet+na+deset = petnast.

  2. Number jedin (m.), jedna (f.), jedno (n.) is declined as the soft pronoun in singular.
    example: jedin člověk (N), jednego člověka (G), jednemu člověku (D), jednej ženy (G), ...

  3. When added to other numbers, the number 1 has just only one fixed form jedna in all cases.
    example: dvadesetjedna ljudi (N), dvadesetjedna ljudij (G), dvadesetjedna ljudim (D), dvadesetjedna žen (G), ...

  4. Number dva (m.), dvě (f.), dvě (n.) is declined as the hard pronoun in plural.
    example: dva ljudi (N), dvěh ljudij (G), dvěm ljudim (D), dvěh žen (G), ...

  5. Numbers tri and četyri are also declined as the hard pronoun in plural.
    example: tri ljudi (N), trěh ljudij (G), trěm ljudim (D), trěh žen (G), ...

  6. All other numbers ending by the consonant (e.g. -t, -m) are declined as the noun declension pattern kost (a bone) in singular.
    example: pet ljudi (N), peti ljudij (G), peti ljudim (D), peti žen (G), ...

  7. Number nula (zero, nula) is declined as the noun declension pattern žena (a woman) in singular.
    example: nula ljudi (N), nuly ljudij (G), nulě ljudim (D), nuly žen (G), ...

  8. There is an alternative form of number zero: nijedin (m.), nijedna (f.), nijedno (n.).
    example: nijedin člověk (N), nijednogo člověka (G), nijednomu člověku (D), nijednoj ženy (G), ...

  9. Number sto (hundred) and its derivatives is declined as the noun declension pattern selo (a village) in singular.
    example: sto ljudi (N), sta ljudij (G), stu ljudim (D), sta žen (G), ...

  10. Number tysača (thousand) and its derivatives is declined as the noun declension pattern duša (a soul) in singular.
    example: tysača ljudi (N), tysače ljudij (G), tysači ljudim (D), tysače žen (G), ...

  11. Number milijon (million) and its derivatives is declined as the noun declension pattern grad (a town) in singular.
    example: milijon ljudi (N), milijona ljudij (G), milijonu ljudim (D), milijona žen (G), ...

  12. Composed numbers are written together in decadic triplets separated by spaces, having declined the last numeric element only.
    example: 12 327 = dvanasttysača tristodvadesetsedem (N), dvanast tysača tristodvadesetsedmi (G), ...


ordinal numbers

Neoslavonic ordinal numbers behave (and are declined, of course) in the same way as standard pronouns. Composed ordinal numbers have ordinal form of the last numeric element only.

0
 nulty 
 10  desety
 1  prvy  11  jedninasty
 2  vtory  20  dvadesety
 3  trety  21  dvadesetyp'rvy
 4  četvrty   
 22  dvadesetyvtory
 5  pety  100  sotny
 6  šesty  200  dvěsotny
 7  sedmy  1000  tysačny
 8  osmi  2000  dvětysačny
 9  devety  1^6  milionty


interrogative, demonstrative and indefinite number

These numbers are not inflected because they behave grammatically as adverbs. The corresponding subject is attached to them in genitive plural.

It is possible to create several numerals using prefixes to the interrogative numerals. Learn them from this table. The same prefixes (e.g. t-, ni-, nie-, ...) are used at pronouns and adverbs.

 adverb - like 
 adjective - like 
 koliko? 
 how much?, how many?   koliky? 
 which one? (question on the order)
 toliko  as many, as much, this amount       toliky  this (answer to the question on the order)
 nikoliko  no, nothing   nikoliky 
 no (answer to the question on the order)
 několiko 
 some, some number of  několiky 
 some (answer to the question on the order)

Remember also these two indefinite numerals, please:

 mnogo  many, much  (derived from the adjective mnogy = multiple)
 malo  a little, few (derived from the adjective maly = small, little)
examples:

Koliko imaješ aut? = How many cars do you have?
Imaju toliko, koliko jest mi trěba. = I have as many I need.
Vidim několiko ljudij. = I can see some number of people.


fractions, set numbers, multiple numbers

  1. Multiple numbers are made using multiplicative suffix -krat (times, multiplied by) and behave as adverbs.
    example: dvakrat = two times, desetkrat = ten times.

  2. Pair (doublet) is par in Neoslavonic, declined as the noun grad (town). Corresponding subjects are in genitive plural.
    example: Imaju tri pary obuvij. = I have three pairs of shoes.

  3. All kind of containers or similar concepts are expressed in the same way as pairs. Corresponding subjects are in genitive plural.
    example: Imaješ jedin buket květov. = You have one bouquet of flowers.

  4. One half is polovina declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman). Corresponding subjects are in genitive singular.
    example: polovina hlěba = one half of bread.

  5. Other fractions (1/3, 1/4, ...) are made from ordinal numbers by adding suffix -ina and are declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman). Corresponding subjects are in genitive singular.
    example: tretina hlěba = one third of bread.

  6. Decimal numbers have točka (decimal point). This word originaly means any point and is declined by the feminine noun pattern žena (woman), but in decimal numbers it has always the same form točka.
    example: 3.14 = tri točka četyrinast.

  7. In written text, we need to write ordinal numbers in the nominative with point and in all other cases with their inflection endings.
    example: 5. = 5th, fifth (m. sg. N),
    5-ogo = 5th, fifth (m. sg. G), 5-im = 5th, fifth (m. sg. I), ...
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