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14. future tenses of verbs

Future tenses are even simpler than the past tenses. The only verb having its own uncomposed future tense is byti (to be). Please, learn it.

budu 
I will be  
 budemo 
we will be
 budeš 
you will be
 budete 
you will be
 bude 
he/she/it will be    
 budut 
they will be

  1. The future tense is created by the personal future form of the verb byti (to be) and the infinitive.

    example:

    budu pisati = I will write
    budemo dělati = we will do
    budeš slyšeti = you (sg.) will hear

  2. As an optional alternative, You may use the verb hotěti (to want) instead of the verb byti (to be).

    example:

    hoču pisati = I will write, I want to write
    hočemo dělati = we will do, we want to do
    hočeš slyšeti = you (sg.) will hear
    , you want to hear


prior future tense

This is the future tense being before another future event. This additional future tense is created by the personal future form of the verb byti (to be) and the L-participle.

example:

budu pisal = I will write
budemo dělali = we will do
budeš slyšel = you (sg.) will hear



symmetric system of Neoslavonic future, present and past tenses

If we do not assume a simplified system with only one past tense (either simple or composed), we can define the complex symmetric system of six tenses in three time levels: the future level and the present level and the past level.
  1. future tense (e.g. budu dělati, budeš dělati, ...) - this is some time in the future
  2. prior-future tense (e.g. budu dělal, budeš dělal, ...) - this is another auxiliary time just before the future tense, but related to the future tense

  3. present tense (e.g. dělaju, dělaješ, ...) - this is the actual time of the present
  4. prior-present tense (e.g. jesm dělal, jesi dělal, ...) - this is another auxiliary time just before the present tense, but related to the present tense

  5. past tense (e.g. dělah, dělaše, ...) - this is some time in the past
  6. prior past tense (e.g. běh dělal, běše dělal, ...) - this is another auxiliary time just before the past tense, but related to the past tense


example of the present time level:
Hvalimo Vas, že jeste razdělili otpad.  Thank you for sorting waste. - thanking = present, sorting = prior-present.

the same example moved to the future time level:
Budemo Vas hvaliti, že budete razdělili otpad.  We will thank you for sorting waste. - thanking = future, sorting = prior-future.

the same example moved to the past time level:
Hvalihom Vas, že běste razdělili otpad.  We did thank you for sorting waste. - thanking = past, sorting = prior-past.

It is obvious, that the relationship between thanking and sorting is the same in all three examples: Sorting first, thanking after.
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