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12. imperative of verbs

Imperative is simply formed from the present tense stem as follows:
  1. Verbs having present stem finished by -j only one consonant have imperative endings -! (you singular), -mo! (we plural), -te! (you plural).


    dělaj-eš: dělaj! = do! (you singular)
    znaj-eš: znajmo! = let us know!
    pluj-eš: plujmo! = let us swim!

  2. All other verbs having present stem finished by two or more consonants have imperative endings -i! (you singular), -imo! (we plural), -ite! (you plural)
    This means, that vowel -i- is added between the present verb stem and imperative endings.


    sp-iš: spi! = sleap! (you singular)

    gybn-eš: gybni! = die! (you singular)

  3. Verbs having the infinitive ending -ti connected directly to the stem without a vowel (for example mogti = to can, pekti = to bake) have the stem palatalized.


    mož-eš: mož-i! = can! (you singular)
    peč-eš: peč-i! = bake! (you singular)


Verbs with their present stem ending by a soft consonant (č, š, ž) can optionally have yet shorter imperative endings -! (you singular), -mо! (we plural), -te! (you plural) as verbs from the first case.


piš-eš:  piš-!  = write! (you singular)
slyš-iš:  slyš-te!  = hear! (you plural)

imperative of irregular verbs

irregular verbs byti, věděti, dati, idti, jesti have imperative

budi, budite ... = (be!)
vědi, vědite ...
= (know!)
daj, dajte ... 
= (give!)
idi, idite ... 
= (go!)
jedi, jedite ...
  = (eat!)

subjunctive mood

Subjunctive mood is used to express various states of unreality such as wish, emotion, possibility, judgment, opinion, necessity, or action that has not yet occurred.

In Neoslavonic edition of Interslavic, subjunctive mood is made from any sentence in the standard (e.g. indicative mood) introduced by the particle da (let, let is, may, ...)


Da imajete dobro vreme! = May You have a good weather!
Da žije kralj! = Vivat the king! Let the king lives!